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Zoology 12 syllabus

Zoology 12 (Teaching Hours 75)

Unit 1 Animal tissues (8 Hourss)

Epithelial, connective, muscular and nervous tissues.

Unit 2 Developmental Biology(6 Hours)

 (i) Development of frog: Fertilization, cleavage, Morulation, blastulation, gastrulation,

formation of germinal layers, coelom and tissue formation,

(ii) Gametogenesis in animal.

Unit 3 Human Biology and Health (50 Hours)

  • Nutrition; digestive organs and digestion of food,
  • Respiratory organs and mechanism
  • Circulation: Blood, heart and its action, arterial and venous systems (Major arteries and veins), Blood groups, Rh-factor, Blood pressure and lymph (definition).
  • Excretion: Excretory organs, mechanism of urine formation, osmoregulation and homeostatic mechanism (temperature regulation, kidney and liver control system)
  • Nervous co-ordination: Types of nervous system, structure and function of brain. Transmission of nerve impulse.
  • Endocrinology: Structures, functions and disorders of pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, pancreas and adrenal glands.
  • Sense organs: Structure and function of eye and ear.
  • Reproduction: Reproductive organs.
  • Human population: Growth, problem and control strategies.
  • Human Diseases:

    (1) Socially significant: Drug abuse, alcoholism and smoking

        (2) Communicable: Typhoid, Tuberculosis, Ascariasis and AIDS.

        (3) Non-communicable: Cancer

        (4) Concept of kalazar and hepatitis

Unit 4  Application of Biology(11 Hours)

  • Antibiotics Vaccines (Type and application)
  • Tissue and organs transplantation
  • Test-tube baby
  • Amniocentesis
  • Introduction to poultry farming and fish farming.