- System of units
- S.I. unit
- Precision and significant figures
- Main uses of dimensional equations.
2. Vectors (6 Hours)
- Graphical presentation of vectors
- Addition and subtraction of vectors
- Parallelogram, triangle and polygon laws of vectors
- Resolution of vectors
- Unit vectors
- Scalar and vector products.
3. Kinematics (3 Hours)
- Uniform and non-uniform motion
- Average velocity and acceleration
- Instantaneous velocity and acceleration
- Equation of motion (graphical treatment)
- Motion of a freely falling body
- Relative velocity
- Projectile motion.
4. Laws of Motion (8 Hours)
- Newton's laws of motion
- Linear momentum
- Conservation of linear momentum
- Free-body diagrams
- Solid frictions: Laws of solid friction and their verifications
- Application of Newton's laws: Particles in equilibrium, dynamics of particles.
5. Work and Energy (4 Hours)
- Work done by a constant force and a variable force
- Energy: Kinetic energy
- Work- energy theorem, Potential energy
- Conservation of energy
- Conservative and non-conservative forces
- Elastic and inelastic collision.
6. Circular Motion (5 Hours)
- Angular displacement, velocity and acceleration
- Relation between angular and linear velocity and acceleration
- Centripetal acceleration, centripetal force
- Conical pendulum
- Motion in a vertical circle
- Motion of cars and cyclist round a banked track.
7. Gravitation (9 Hours)
- Newton's laws of gravitation
- Acceleration due to gravity, g
- Mass and weight
- Gravitational field strength
- Variation in value of 'g' due to altitude, depth and rotation of earth
- Motion of a satellites: Orbital velocity, height and time period of a satellite, geostationary satellite, potential and
kinetic energy of a satellite
- Gravitational potential: Gravitational potential energy
- Escape velocity
- Black holes.
8. Equilibrium (2 Hours)
Moment of forces/ Torque/ Torque due to a couple/ Center of mass/ Center of gravity/ Conditions of equilibrium.
9. Rotational Dynamics (8 Hours)
Rotation of rigid bodies/ Equation of angular motion/ Relation between linear and angular kinematics/ Kinetic energy of rotation of rigid bodies/ moment of inertia: Radius of gyration, Moment of inertia of a uniform rod/ Torque and angular acceleration for a rigid body/ Work and power in rotational motion/ angular momentum/ Conservation of angular momentum.
10. Elasticity (6 Hours)
Hooke's law: Force constant, Verification of Hooke's law/ Stress/ Strain/ Elasticity and plasticity/ Elastic modulus: Young modulus and its determination, Bulk modulus, Shear modulus, Poisson's ratio, Elastic potential energy.
11. Periodic Motion (6 Hours)
Oscillatory motion/ Circle of reference/ Equation of Simple Harmonic Motion (SHM)/ Energy in SHM/ Application of SHM/ Motion of a body suspended from coiled spring, angular SHM/ simple pendulum/ Damped oscillation/ Forced oscillation and resonance.
12. Fluid Mechanics (10 Hours)
Fluid statics: Density/ Pressure in a fluid/ Archimedes Principle/ Buoyancy
Surface tension: Molecular theory of Surface tension/ Surface energy/ Angle of contact and capillarity/ Measurement of coefficient of surface tension by capillary tube method.
Fluid Dynamics: Newton's formula for viscosity in a liquid/ Coefficient of viscosity/ Laminar and turbulent flow/ Poiseuille's formula (method of dimensions)/ Stokes law and its applications/ Measurement of viscosity of viscous liquid/ Equation of continuity/ Bernoulli's equation and its applications.
Unit-2 Heat and thermodynamics (40 teaching hours)
13. Heat and temperature (5 Hours)
Concept of temperature/ Thermal equilibrium, Thermal expansion: linear expansion, cubical expansions and their relation: Measurement of linear expansivity,
Liquid Expansion: Absolute and apparent expansion of liquid, Measurement of absolute expansivity by Dulong and Petit method.
14. Quantity of heat (5 Hours)
Heat capacity and specific heat capacity/ Newton's law of cooling/ Measurement of specific heat capacity of solids by the method of mixture and of liquids by the method cooling. Change of phases: Latent heat/ Specific latent heat of fusion, and vaporization and their measurements by the method of mixture.
15. Thermal properties of matter (8 Hours)
Equation of state: Ideal gas equation/ P-V diagram/ Molecular properties of matter/ Kinetic- molecular model of an ideal gas: Derivation of pressure exerted by gas, average translational kinetic energy of a gas molecule/ Boltzman constant, Root mean square speed/ Heat capacities: heat capacities of gases and solids.
16. Hygrometry (3 Hours)
Saturated and unsaturated vapor pressure/ Behavior of saturated vapor/ Boiling point/ Triple point and critical point/ Dew point, Absolute humidity/ Relative humidity and its determination.
17. Transfer of heat (4 Hours)
Conduction, Thermal conductivity and its determination by Searle's method/ Convection: convective coefficient Radiation: Ideal radiator/ Black body radiation/ Stefan-Boltzmann law.
18. First law of thermodynamics (9 Hours)
Thermodynamic systems/ Work done during volume change, Heat and work/ Internal energy and First law of thermodynamics/ Thermodynamic processes: Adiabatic, Isochoric, Isothermal, Isobaric processes/ Heat capacities of ideal gas at constant pressure and volume and relation between them/ Isothermal and Adiabatic processes for an ideal gas.
19. Second law of thermodynamics (6 Hours)
Direction of Thermodynamic processes/ Second law of thermodynamics/ Heat engines/ Internal combustion engines: Otto Cycle, Diesel cycle/ Carnot cycle/ Kelvin temperature scale/ Refrigerators/ Entropy and disorder (introduction only)
20. Photometry, Reflection at curved mirrors (2 Hours)
Convex and concave mirrors/ Image in Spherical mirrors, Mirrors formula/ Real and Virtual images.
21. Refraction at plane surfaces (3 Hours)
Laws of refraction: Refractive index/ Relation between refractive indices/ Lateral shift/ Total internal reflection and its applications/ critical angle/ optical fiber.
22. Refraction through prisms (3 Hours)
Minimum deviation/ Relation between Angle of prism, minimum deviation and refractive index / Deviation in small angle prism.
23. Lenses (4 Hours)
Spherical lenses/ thin lens formula/ Lens maker's formula/ Power of a lens/ Combination of thin lenses in contact.
24. Dispersion (3 Hours)
Spectrum/ Spectrometer/ Pure spectrum/ Dispersive power/ Achromatic lenses/ Condition for achromatic lenses in contact, Chromatic aberration Spherical aberration/ Scattering of light-blue color of the sky.
25. Optical instruments (5 Hours)
The human eye/ Defects of vision and their correction/ Visual angle/ Angular magnification/ Magnifier/ Camera/ Compound microscope, Astronomical Telescope (reflection and refractive type)
Unit-4 Electrostatics (20 teaching hours)
26. Electrostatics, Electric field & Potential (13 Hours)
Electric charge: Electric charges/ Conductors and insulators/ Charging by induction, Coulomb's law- Force between two point charges, Force between multiple electric charges.
Electric fields/ Calculation of electric field due to point charges/ Field lines. Gauss Law: Electric Flux/ Gauss Law and its application: Field of a charged sphere, line charge, plane sheet of charge.
Potential and potential difference, Potential due to a point charge/ Equipotential lines and surfaces/ Potential gradient/ Potential energy, Electron volt.
27. Capacitance and dielectrics (7 Hours)
Capacitance and capacitor/ Charging and discharging of capacitor through a resistor/ Parallel plate capacitor/ Combination of capacitors/ Energy of charged capacitor/ Effect of a dielectric/ Molecular theory of induced charges/ Polarization and displacement.