Physics 11 syllabus

Unit - 1 Mechanics (70 teaching hours)

1. Units and Dimensions (3 Hours)

Need for Measurements
System of Units
SI Units
Precision and Significant Figures
Main uses of Dimensional Equation.


2. Vectors (6 Hours)

     - Graphical presentation of Vectors
     - Addition and Subtraction of vectors
     - Parallelogram, triangle and polygon laws of vectors
     - Resolution of vectors
     - Unit vectors
     - Scalar and Vector products.


3. Kinematics (3 Hours)

     - Uniform and non - uniform motion
     - Average velocity and acceleration
     - Instataneous velocity and acceleration
     - Equation of motion (Graphical treatment)
     - Motion of a freely falling body
     - Relative Velocity
     - Projectile Motion.


4. Laws of Motion (8 Hours)

     - Newtons's Laws of Motion
     - Inertia
     - Force
     - Linear Momentum
     - Impulse
     - Conservation of Linear Momentum
     - Free - Diagrams
     - Solid frictions: Laws of solid friction and their verifications
     - Application of Newton's laws
     - Particles in equilibrium, dynamics of particles.


5. Work and Energy (4 Hours)

     - Work
     - Work done by a constant force and a variable force
     - Power
     - Energy : Kinetic Energy
     - Work - Energy theorem, Potential Energy
     - Conservation of Energy
     - Conservative and non - conservative forces
     - Elastic and Inelastic Collision.


6. Circular Motion (5 Hours)

     - Angular displacement, velocity and acceleration
     - Relation between angular and linear velocity and acceleration
     - Centripetal acceleration, centripetal force
     - Conical Pendulum
     - Motion in a vertical circle
     - Motion of cars and cyclist round a banked track.


7. Gravitaion (9 Hours)

     - Newton's laws of gravitation
     - Acceleration due to gravity, g
     - Mass and weight
     - Gravitational Field Strength
     - Variation in value of 'g' due to altitude, depth and rotation of earth
     - Weightlessness
     - Motion of a satellites
     - Orbital velocity, height and time period of a satellite
     - Geostationary satellite
     - Potential and Kinetic energy of satellite
     - Gravitational potential: Gravitational Potential Energy
     - Escape Velocity
     - Black holes.


8. Equilibrium (2 Hours)

     - Moment of forces
     - Torque
     - Torque due to a couple
     - Center of mass
     - Center of gravity
     - Conditions of equilibrium.


9. Rotational Dynamics (8 Hours)

     - Rotation of rigid bodies
     - Equation of angular motion
     - Relation between linear and angular kinematics
     - Kinetic energy of rotation of rigid bodies
     - Moment of inertia
     - Radius of gyration
     - Moment of inertia of a uniform rod
     - Torque and angular acceleration for a rigid body
     - Work and power in rotational motion
     - Angular momentum
     - Conservation of angular momentum.


10. Elasticity (6 Hours)

     - Hooke's law
     - Force constant 
     - Verification of Hooke's law
     - Stress/ Strain
     - Elasticity and plasticity 
     - Elastic modulus: Young modulus and its determination
     - Bulk modulus, Shear modulus 
     - Poisson's ratio
     - Elastic potential energy.


11. Periodic Motion (6 Hours)

     - Oscillatory Motion
     - Circle of reference
     - Equation of Simple Harmonic Motion (SHM)
     - Energy in SHM
     - Application of SHM
     - Motion of a body suspended from coiled spring
     - Angular SHM
     - Simple Pendulum
     - Damped Oscillation
     - Forced Oscillation
     - Resonance.


12. Fluid Mechanics

Fluid Statics:
     - Density
     - Pressure in a fluid
     - Archimedes Principle
     - Buoyancy.
Surface Tension:
     - Molecular Theory of Surface Tension
     - Surface Energy
     - Angle of contact and capillarity
     - Measurement of coefficient of surface tension by capillary tube method.
Fluid Dynamics:
     - Newton's formula for viscosity in a liquid
     - Coefficient of viscosity
     - Laminar and turbulent flow
     - Poiseuille's formula (method of dimensions)
     - Stokes Law and its applications
     - Measurement of viscosity of viscous liquid
     - Equation of continuity
     - Bernoulli's equation and its applications.

Unit-2 Heat and thermodynamics (40 teaching hours)

13. Heat and Temperature (5 Hours)

     - Concept of Temperature
     - Thermal Equilibrium
     - Thermal Expansion
     - Linear Expansion
     - Cubical Expansions and their relation
     - Measurement of Linear Expansivity
     - Liquid Expansion
     - Absolute and aparent expansion of liquid
     - Measurement of absolute Expansivity by Dulong and Petit Method.


14. Quantity of Heat (5 Hours)

     - Heat Capacity and Specific Heat Capacity
     - Newton's Law of Cooling
     - Measurement of Specific Heat Capacity of Solids by Method of Mixture and of liquids by the method of cooling
     - Change of Phases
     - Latent heat
     - Specific Latent heat of Fusion and vaporization and their measurement by the method of Mixture.


15. Thermal Properties of Matter (8 Hours)

          - Equation of state

     - Ideal gas equation

     - P-V diagram

     - Molecular properties of matter

     - Kinetic- molecular model of an ideal gas

     - Derivation of pressure exerted by gas

     - Average translational kinetic energy of a gas molecule

     - Boltzman constant

     - Root mean square speed

     - Heat capacities: heat capacities of gases and solids.


16. Hygrometry (3 Hours)

     - Saturated and unsaturated vapor pressure

     - Behavior of saturated vapor

     - Boiling point

     - Triple point and critical point

     - Dew point

     - Absolute humidity

     - Relative humidity and its determination.


17. Transfer of Heat (4 Hours)

  • Conduction
  • Thermal conductivity and its determination by Searle's method
  • Convection: convective coefficient
  • Radiation: Ideal radiator
  • Black body radiation
  • Stefan-Boltzmann law. 


18. First Law of Thermodynamics (9 Hours)

  • Thermodynamic systems
  • Work done during volume change
  • Heat and work
  • Internal energy
  • First law of thermodynamics
  • Thermodynamic processes: Adiabatic, Isochoric, Isothermal, Isobaric processes
  • Heat capacities of ideal gas at constant pressure and volume and relation between them
  • Isothermal and Adiabatic processes for an ideal gas.


19. Second Law of Thermodynamics (6 Hours)

  • Direction of Thermodynamic processes
  • Second law of thermodynamics
  • Heat engines
  • Internal combustion engines: Otto Cycle
  • Diesel cycle
  • Carnot cycle
  • Kelvin temperature scale
  • Refrigerators
  • Entropy and disorder (introduction only)


Unit-3 Geometrical Optics (20 teaching hours)

20. Photometry, Reflection at curved mirrors (2 Hours)

  • Convex and concave mirrors
  • Image in Spherical mirrors
  • Mirrors formula
  • Real and Virtual images.

    21. Refraction at plane surfaces (3 Hours)
    Laws of refraction: Refractive index/ Relation between refractive indices/ Lateral shift/ Total internal reflection and its applications/ critical angle/ optical fiber.

    22. Refraction through prisms (3 Hours)
    Minimum deviation/ Relation between Angle of prism, minimum deviation and refractive index / Deviation in small angle prism.

    23. Lenses (4 Hours)
    Spherical lenses/ thin lens formula/ Lens maker's formula/ Power of a lens/ Combination of thin lenses in contact.

    24. Dispersion (3 Hours)
    Spectrum/ Spectrometer/ Pure spectrum/ Dispersive power/ Achromatic lenses/ Condition for achromatic lenses in contact, Chromatic aberration Spherical aberration/ Scattering of light-blue color of the sky.

    25. Optical instruments (5 Hours)

  • The human eye
  • Defects of vision and their correction
  • Visual angle
  • Angular magnification
  • Magnifier
  • Camera
  • Compound microscope
  • Astronomical Telescope (reflection and refractive type)

     Unit-4 Electrostatics (20 teaching hours)

    26. Electrostatics, Electric field & Potential (13 Hours)
    Electric charge: Electric charges/ Conductors and insulators/ Charging by induction, Coulomb's law- Force between two point charges, Force between multiple electric charges.
    Electric fields/ Calculation of electric field due to point charges/ Field lines. Gauss Law: Electric Flux/ Gauss Law and its application: Field of a charged sphere, line charge, plane sheet of charge.
    Potential and potential difference, Potential due to a point charge/ Equipotential lines and surfaces/ Potential gradient/ Potential energy, Electron volt.

    27. Capacitance and dielectrics (7 Hours)
    Capacitance and capacitor/ Charging and discharging of capacitor through a resistor/ Parallel plate capacitor/ Combination of capacitors/ Energy of charged capacitor/ Effect of a dielectric/ Molecular theory of induced charges/ Polarization and displacement.